Mt Ernest, Mt Maroon, Qld. Photo: G. Leiper G. Leiper

Mt Ernest, Mt Maroon, Qld. Photo: G. Leiper G. Leiper

Mt Ernest, Mt Maroon, Qld. Photo: G. Leiper G. Leiper

Line drawing by M. Szent Ivany, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4 (1981) 236, fig. 103.

Distribution map generated from Australia's Virtual Herbarium .


Solanum pungetium R. Br., Prodr. 446 (1810)

T: Port Jackson area, N.S.W., 1802–1804, R. Brown s.n.; lecto: BM; iso: K, P; fide D.E. Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 235 (1981). An image of the lectotype can be seen on the Solanaceae Source site.


Sprawling annual or short-lived perennial herb to 1.5 m, green, pubescent with stellate hairs, the hairs sparse on upper leaf-surface, moderately dense on lower surface; prickles to 6 mm long, scattered on stems, peduncles, petioles and leaf-surfaces.  

Leaves elliptic; lamina 5–8 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, slightly discolorous, lobed; lobes obtusely triangular; petiole 10–15 mm long.  

Inflorescence 1–3–flowered; peduncle absent or very short; pedicels 2–4 cm long, slightly longer in fruit. Calyx 5–7 mm long; lobes narrowly triangular, 3–4 mm long. Corolla campanulate-rotate, 15–20 mm long, pale purple. Anthers 3–4 mm long.  

Berry globular, 25–30 mm diam., yellow; fruiting pedicel 25–50 mm long. Seeds 2.5–4 mm long, pale yellow-orange. n=12.

A DELTA-generated description can be found at

Distribution and ecology

Occurs predominantly along eastern coast of N.S.W., extending into north-eastern Vic.  

Often associated with basaltic or granitic soil on hillsides or in creek-lines.

Common name

Eastern Nightshade.


Part of the S. hystrix group of subgen. Leptostemonum according to Bean (2004).

Closely related to S. prinophyllum Dunal.


Selected specimens

N.S.W.: Boyne National Park, M. Evans 2556 (CANB, NSW). Vic.: Mallacoota Inlet National Park, A.C. Beauglehole 32919 (AD, MEL).

Plant status, if any

S. pungetium is a component of the Cumberland Plain Woodland which is an endangered ecological community (see

From the web

Further information on S. pungetium in NSW can be seen on the PlantNET site and a selection of images can be seen on theIllawarra Grevillea Park site

A photograph of this species by Hugh & Nan Nicholson can be seen on the Terania Rainforest Publishing Photo Library site and there are some on the Bega Valley site accessible through

Limited information is available on the Solanaceae Source site at the present time.