Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Solanaceae
Solanum villosum

Citation: Miller, Gard. Dict. edn 8 (1768).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

A bushy annual herb to 70 cm tall, sometimes surviving more than one season, slightly or densely greyish-villous-pubescent with simple or glandular hairs, never stellate, unarmed; leaves ovate, on vigorous shoots to 8 x 6 cm but usually less, on mature growth c. 4 x 3 cm, early leaves almost entire, later leaves with 5-7 shallow lobes.

Inflorescence a subumbellate raceme of 3-6 white flowers; peduncle c. 1 cm long; pedicel c. 1 cm long, hirsute; calyx lobes acute to acuminate; corolla c. 12 mm diam., white, stellate but the lobes broader and not so deeply cut as in others of this group so that the flowers appear slightly more showy and whiter, often reflexed; filaments c. 2 mm long, pilose below; anthers c. 1.5 mm long, oblong; style 4-5 mm long, pilose below.

Fruit subglobular, 5-7 mm diam., usually slightly longer than broad, a dull orange-red, translucent, the seeds visible, 19-30 rarely to 40 seeds per fruit, no sclerotic granules present; calyx not enlarged, finally recurved; pedicels usually markedly deflexed.

image of FSA3_Solanum_vil.jpg Flowering and fruiting branch and a fruit.
Image source: fig. 579E in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Symon (1981) J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:55.

Distribution:  Sparingly and doubtfully naturalised.

S.Aust.: SL.   W.Aust.; Qld.   Probably native to southern Europe but now a widespread weed in Europe and North America.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: April (1 record).

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water