Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Solanaceae
Solanum sarrachoides

Citation: Sendtner in C. Martius, Fl. Brasil. 10:18 (1846).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

A sprawling annual herb to 50 cm, but sometimes flowering when quite small, C. 10 cm, pubescent with slender gland-tipped hairs of varied length to 1 mm long, sessile glands also occurring; leaves on vigorous growth 6 x 4 cm but more often smaller and commonly c. 3 x 2 cm, ovate, entire or with 9 or 10 blunt shallow lobes.

Inflorescence a short raceme of 2-6 white flowers; peduncle c. 1 cm long; inflorescence rhachis less; pedicels 5-7 mm long; calyx campanulate, with 5 broad acute lobes each c. 2 mm long; corolla c. 12 mm diam., stellate-pentagonal, white; filaments c. 2 mm long, pilose on the lower portion; anthers c. 1.5 mm long, narrow-oblong; style c. 4 mm long, densely pubescent below with minute glandular hairs; stigma projecting just beyond the anther pores.

Ripe fruit 5-6 mm diam., readily shed with its pedicel, shining, translucent, green to slightly purplish-green, contents partly visible; calyx enlarged in fruit, c. 5 mm long, campanulate, appressed and covering about half the fruit; seeds c. 2 mm long, light-brown, usually 2 sclerotic stone cells per fruit.

image of FSA3_Solanum_sar.jpg Flowering and fruiting branch and a fruit.
Image source: fig. 578E in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Symon (1981) J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:52.

Distribution:  Occurrence in S.Aust. is based on few records and it is doubtful if it is effectively naturalised.

  Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.   Native to South America; naturalised in Europe and North America.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: March — April (2 records).

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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