Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Solanaceae
Solanum opacum

Citation: A. Braun & Bouché, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. App. 8:18 (1853).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: Green-berry nightshade.

A sprawling almost prostrate annual herb to 1 m across, pubescent with appressed simple hairs, and with minute almost sessile glandular hairs below these, internodes relatively long giving the plant a 'stemmy' open appearance; leaves ovate-lanceolate, to 6 x 5 cm, but commonly 3-5 x 1-2 cm, decurrent down the petiole 1-4 cm, lobes almost always present, from 2-10 per leaf, only in extreme cases are the short lobes cut more deeply than about one-fifth of the width of the leaf.

Inflorescence a very short raceme or subumbel of 2-5 white flowers; peduncle relatively long and slender, 1.5-2 cm long; rhachis of the inflorescence 2-3 mm long; pedicels 7-10 mm long; calyx 2-3 mm long; corolla c. 1 cm diam., stellate; filaments c. 1.5 mm long, pilose below; anthers c. 2 mm long, oblong, pale-yellow; style pilose below; stigma projecting just above the anther pores.

mature fruit c. 1 cm diam., commonly 3 per truss, green, readily deciduous with its pedicel, aromatic; sclerotic stone cells 1-4, c. 0.75 mm diam.; seeds c. 2 mm long, mature cleaned seed pale-bone in colour with faint green tinges.

image of FSA3_Solanum_opa.jpg Flowering and fruiting branch and a fruit.
Image source: fig. 577C in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Symon (1981) J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:41.

Distribution:  Occasional along the upper River Murray in seasonally flooded sites under large gums.

S.Aust.: MU, KI.   Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: Sept. — Nov. but few records.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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