Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Solanaceae
Solanum centrale

Citation: J. Black, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 58:180 (1934).

Synonymy: Solanum nemophilum

Common name: None

A clonal herbaceous perennial or small undershrub, 15-45 cm high, often sprawling; prickles 1-5 mm long, often absent, occurring towards the base, usually sparse, never on leaves or calyces; all parts pubescent with a short dense often rusty tomentum of stellate hairs; leaves concolorous, general appearance a pale or rusty yellowish-green; leaves 1.5-6 x l-2 cm, ovate-oblong, apex rounded, base rounded or truncate, usually equal; petiole 5-7 rarely to 15 mm long.

Inflorescence a 1-6-flowered cyme, leaf-opposed; peduncle to 10 mm long or absent; floral rhachis 0.5-1.5 rarely to 4 cm long, usually short, solitary flowers also occur; pedicel c. 1 cm long; calyx tube 2-3 mm long, pointed lobes 1-2 mm long; corolla broadly stellate, pale- or deep-purple, often reflexed; filaments short; anthers c. 5 mm long, attenuate-oblong; style c. 8 mm long, erect, exceeding the divergent-erect anthers; stigma bent.

Fruit 1-1.5 cm diam., globular, at first drab-green, then yellowish and finally drying brown to a raisin-like appearance, cymes with 1-4 fruits; seeds (rarely 2) 3 rarely to 4 mm long, variable in number, pale-brown, surface minutely undulate under the lens.

image of FSA3_Solanum_cen.jpg Flowering and fruiting branch and a fruit.
Image source: fig. 573C in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: Symon (1981) J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:168.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: NW, LE, NU, GT.   W.Aust.; N.T.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: May — Oct.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Uses: One of the more important species eaten by the Aborigines.

Author: Not yet available

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