Forster f., Plant. Escul. 42, no. 12 (1786).
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Kangaroo apple.
An erect soft-wooded shrub to 2 m tall, straggly with age, younger stems angular with raised lines, glabrous except for minute simple and glandular hairs on young growth and corolla tips, unarmed; juvenile leaves to 25 x c. 12 cm, elliptic to obovate in outline, pinnatisect with 3-11 lobes deeply divided to within c. 1 cm of the mid-vein, lobes lanceolate or long-triangular; entire leaves to commonly c. 10 x c. 2 cm, lanceolate-elliptic, apex acute to acuminate; petiole 1-1.5 cm long.
Inflorescence a cyme with up to 10 flowers, sometimes divided, from stem forks or leaf axils; peduncle often lacking and floral rhachis to 15 cm long; pedicels to 2 cm long; calyx campanulate, 3-4 mm long, lobes bluntly triangular; corolla 3-4 cm diam., rotate-stellate, lobes broad, interacuminal tissue scarcely exceeding the acumen, shallowly campanulate, bluish-violet; filaments c. 3 mm long; anthers c. 4 mm long, oblong, erect; ovary glabrous; style 7-8 mm long, erect, glabrous; stigma terminal, pale-green.
Fruits commonly c. 2 cm long, 1-1.5 cm diam., obovoid to ellipsoid, at maturity a bright orange-red to scarlet, succulent; seeds c. 1.5 mm long, finely reticulate, reddish-brown, numerous; stone cell masses 1-1.5 mm diam., rounded, rarely conspicuous.
||Flowering and fruiting branch and a fruit.
Image source: fig. 573A in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
Symon (1981) J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4:76; Cochrane et al. (1968) Flowers and plants of Victoria, fig. 256.
S.Aust.: EP, SL. Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas. Native to New Zealand and New Guinea; naturalised in W.Aust., Hawaii and New Caledonia.
Flowering time: Jan. (1 record).
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
Occasionally cultivated for its showy fruits or in New Zealand and eastern Europe as a source of solasodine for cortisone and other steroid drugs.
Not yet available