L., Sp. Pl. 112 (1753) subsp. major.
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Greater plantain.
Short-lived perennial herbs with all leaves in a basal rosette on fleshy rootstock with adventitious roots; leaves with a petiole up to 25 cm long including the sheathing base; blade ovate to broadly elliptic, 4-22 x 2.5-12 cm, bluntly acute to rounded, usually with shallow widely spaced teeth, usually with 5 or 7 main veins, pubescent to glabrescent.
Spike cylindrical often sparse at the base, 8-25 rarely 4-30 cm long; peduncle 4-26 cm long, terete, with scattered short ascending hairs, the lower flowers usually at the same level as the apex of the leaves; bracts ovate-oblong, with narrow membranous margins and a broad herbaceous centre; sepals broadly ovate, 2-2.5 mm long, subequal, with membranous margins on either side of the herbaceous central ridge; corolla tube c. 2.5 mm long; lobes lanceolate to ovate, up to 2 mm long; anthers almost orbicular.
Capsule ovoid to almost globular, 4-5.5 mm long; seeds 8-14, c. 2 mm long, angular-elliptic, rugose.
Image source: fig. 614H in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
Ross-Craig (1968) Drawings Brit. Pl. 25:pl. 5.
Weed of moist areas and often along streams.
S.Aust.: NL, MU, SL, KI, SE. All States except the N.T. New Zealand; native to and/or naturalised in temperate Eurasia and North America.
Flowering time: mainly in summer.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
The South Australian material is not easily identified as one of the varieties distinguished by Pilger (1937), Planzenreich 4, 269:43.
Not yet available