L., Sp. Pl. 115 (1753).
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Buckshorn plantain.
Annual or short-lived perennials with leaves in a basal rosette from a tough rootstock with a pronounced tap root; leaves sessile, oblanceolate to linear, 2-25 (rarely 35) x 0.3-4 cm, acute, usually pinnatisect with linear lobes, rarely bipinnatisect or entire, with 1 main vein, pubescent to glabrescent with spreading long hairs.
Spike narrowly cylindrical, 1-5 rarely 0.3-12 cm long, compact; peduncle 2-30 cm rarely longer, terete usually densely covered with antrorse hairs, with flowers either borne well above or at the level of the apices of the leaves; bracts ovate, acute or acuminate, with membranous margins; sepals elliptic, 2-3 mm long, unequal with inner ones strongly folded, ciliate, with a membranous often very narrow margin; corolla tube c. 1.5 mm long, pubescent; lobes lanceolate, c. 1 mm long; anthers almost orbicular, c. 1.5 mm long; ovary 2- later 4 or 5-celled by outgrowths of the placenta with 1 ovule in each cell.
Seeds 1-5, coffee-bean-shaped to almost globular, c. 1 mm long, rough.
Flowering time: No flowering time is available
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
Since the species is very variable with environmental conditions it is not always easy to distinguish the 2 subspecies by quantitative characters. Subsp. commutata is, however, usually recognised by its smooth spikes with tightly appressed flowers and bracts.
Not yet available