Labill., Nov. Holl. Pl. Sp. 1:66 t. 91 (1805).
Synonymy: Erpetion hederaceum (Labill.)Don, Gen. Hist. 1:335 (1831).
Common name: Ivy-leaved violet, native violet.
Perennial stoloniferous herb; glabrous or more or less pubescent; stems short, erect; leaves tufted, glabrous or more or less pubescent, reniform to suborbicular; margins entire to crenate to coarsely sinuate-dentate, the base cordate to truncate to more or less cuneate; petioles 2-6 cm or sometimes longer; stipules linear-lanceolate, 2-8 mm long, glandular-denticulate.
Peduncles to 10cm long, occasionally longer, glabrous or pubescent, bracteoles near the middle; sepals lanceolate, 4-5 mm long, green, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, slightly produced at the base; petals twice the length of the sepals, violet and white, the lateral ones bearded towards the base; anterior petal scarcely pouched at the base; style geniculate near the base, suberect and slightly curved above, terete; stamens to 2 mm long, filaments very short.
Capsule ovoid, 4-6 mm long; seeds ovoid, 1-2 mm long, buff to mottled reddish-brown.
Image source: fig 452c in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
Rotherham et al. (1975) Flowers and plants of New South Wales and southern Queensland, fig. 256.
Generally in areas with in excess of 650 mm annual rainfall.
S.Aust.: NL, SL, KI, SE. Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.
Flowering time: mainly Oct. — Jan.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
Clinal variation exists in some areas in this rather polymorphic species. There is little variation in floral morphology but a perplexing array of leaf forms is seen.
Not yet available