Forsskål, Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 178 (1775).
Synonymy: Anthistiria australis R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 200 (1810); T. australis (R. Br.) Stapf, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9:420 (1919); A. ciliata sensu Benth., Fl. Aust. 7:542 (1878), non L.f.
Common name: Kangaroo grass.
Erect glabrous perennial, to 90 cm high; leaf blades narrow, with more or less revolute margins and scabrous above; ligule short, truncate, ciliolate; nodes glabrous.
Panicle loose, interrupted, 10-20 cm long; fertile spikelet fusiform, whitish when young, finally glossy-brown, glabrous except for a few short golden hairs near the summit, 5-6 mm long; callus 2-3 mm long, villous with long golden-reddish hairs; sessile (involucral) spikelets inserted at apparently the same level, 13-14 mm long, glabrous; the 2 pedicellate ones rather shorter, their pedicels glabrous; awn pubescent, usually twice bent, 5-7 cm long, the column 2.5-3 cm long, pubescent, reddish-brown, rigid, loosely twisted.
Burbidge (1970) Australian grasses 3:pl. 92.
S.Aust.: NW, LE, GT, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, SE. All States. Africa and Asia.
Flowering time: throughout the year.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
The Australian species has been treated as distinct from T. triandra, which was then considered to be confined to the Old World. Clayton & Renvoize (1982), Fl. Trop. East Afr. Gramineae (3):830, and Simon (1985), Aust. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsl. 43:15-17, are followed in combining these species.
Not yet available