Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Caryophyllaceae
Silene dioica

Citation: Clairv., Man. Herb. 145 (1811).

Synonymy: Lychnis dioica L., Sp. Pl. 436 (1753); Melandrium dioicum (L.)Cosson & Germ., Fl. Paris edn 2:37 (1861); L. diurna Sibth., Fl. Oxon. 145 (1794); M. diurnum (Sibth.)Fries, Bot. Notis. 1842:170 (1842); L. diocia L. var. rubra Weigel, Fl. Pom.-Rug. 85 (1769); M. rubrum (Weigel)Garcke, Fl. Deutschl. edn 4:55 (1858).

Common name: Red campion.

Dioecious biennial or perennial herbs; flowering stems to c. 80 cm high, covered with soft spreading hairs; basal leaves obovate-oblong, narrowed into a long petiole; cauline leaves petiolate or the upper ones almost sessile, oblong to broad-elliptic, acute or acuminate, hairy.

Dichasia terminal, compound, to many-flowered; flowers 18-25 mm diam.; calyx tube of male cylindrical, of female ovoid; calyx teeth triangular, acute; petals bright-rose-coloured; limb obovate, deeply 2-fid, with narrow-obovate segments; styles 5.

Capsule broad-ovoid, opening with 10 revolute teeth; seeds reniform, dark-brown, c. 1 mm diam.

Published illustration: Keble Martin (1965) The concise British Flora in colour, pl. 14.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: SL.   Native to Europe and the Mediterranean.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: No flowering time is available

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Taxonomic notes: Although this species was recorded by H. Eichler, Suppl. 145 (1965), I have seen no specimen identified as this species.

Author: Not yet available

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