L., Sp. Pl. 269 (1753).
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Common elder.
Deciduous shrubs or small trees rarely exceeding 3 m tall, much-branched, woody, usually glabrous; leaves with a petiole 2-5 cm long, with all leaflets never deeply divided; leaflets stalked, ovate to broadly elliptic, 4-8 x 2-5 cm (rarely more than twice longer than broad), abruptly constricted into a petiolule and into a beaked or an acute apex, with serrations in the upper two-thirds, densely arranged, glabrescent.
Inflorescences terminal, corymb-like, cymose, with 4 or 5 major branches, repeatedly branching but not always in a dichasial manner; bracts scale-like; calyx lobes 5, ovate, c. 1 mm long, rounded, glabrous; petals shortly connate, white; lobes oblong-obovate, 2-3 mm long; stamens 5, the anthers usually shorter than the filaments; ovary usually with 3 cells each with 1 ovule, ridged, with 3 short stigmas on a short broad style.
Fruit globular berries, black.
||Branch anf fruit.
Image source: fig. 617b in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
Ross-Craig (1960) Drawings Brit. Pl. 14:pl. 2.
In moist, usually sheltered areas such as along streams and in ravines.
S.Aust.: SL, SE. N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas. New Zealand; native to Europe and western Asia.
Flowering time: Oct. — Dec.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
The fruits are edible and often used to make wine.
Not yet available