L., Sp. Pl. 479 (1753).
Derivation: Pirus, the Latin name for the pear tree.
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: None
Shrubs or trees, mostly deciduous, often spiny when young; sparsely pubescent to glabrescent; leaves simple (lobed in young phases), petiolate; stipules caducous.
Inflorescence corymbose; petals white or pinkish, shortly clawed; stamens 15-30, anthers reddish-pink; carpels 2-5, connate; ovules 2; styles 2-5, free; ovary inferior.
Fruit a pyriform to subglobose pome; stone cells abundant.
12-15 species, from Europe and Asia; 2 species, P. communis L., European pear, and P. pyrifolia (Burman f.)Nakai, sand pear, Asian pear, widely cultivated for fruits, a few as ornamentals.
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