L., Sp. Pl. 444 (1753).
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: African rue.
Glabrous perennial, 30-80 cm high; stems rigid, terete below, angled above, much-branched; leaves 2-5 cm long, alternate, 3-sect or divided several times into narrow spreading segments; stipules setaceous.
Flowers solitary or on axillary peduncles longer than the leaves; sepals green, linear, about as long (15 mm) as the white ovate-oblong petals, sometimes toothed near the base.
capsule globose, 7-10 mm long, to 12 mm diam., stipitate, 3-celled, opening loculicidally at the apex.
||Peganum harmala twig and flower.
Image source: fig 392b in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).|
S.Aust.: GT, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, SL, SE. N.S.W.; Vic. Native in steppes and deserts of the Mediterranean region from Spain, northern Africa and Arabia through southern Russia to Tibet.
Flowering time: Nov. — Feb.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
The seeds contain the alkaloid harmin, yield 'Turkey red', and are used in Turkey as a spice.
Not yet available