L., Sp. Pl. 262 (1753) subsp. sativa.
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Parsnip.
Stout biennial herb, 30-180 cm high; stem, petiole, upper surface of leaves and rays with sparse short straight hairs; tap-root usually swollen; stem solid or hollow, usually strongly angled; basal leaves petiolate; leaf blades ovate to oblong in outline, usually 1-pinnate; leaflets usually 5-11, oblong to ovate but often narrow, 5-10 cm long, 2.5-8 cm broad, acute or acuminate, often cuneate at the base and more or less pinnatisect in the lower part, coarsely irregularly serrate or crenate-dentate, the teeth with cartilaginous points, deeply pinnately 3-9-lobed, puberulent or glabrous; petiole shorter than the blade; stem-leaves with conspicuously dilated sheaths.
Peduncles stout, 7-15 cm long; umbel 5-20 cm diam.; rays of terminal umbel usually 9-20, usually very unequal, 2-10 cm long, more or less angled; involucral bracts absent or 1 or 2, pinnately lobed; pedicels 5-10 mm long; petals yellow.
Fruit broad-elliptical, 5-7 mm long, 4-5 mm broad; wing 0.25-0.5 mm broad; vittae at the commissure not reaching the ends of the fruit.
Ross-Craig (1959) Drawings Brit. Pl. 13:t. 21; Burbidge & Gray (1970) Flora of the A.C.T., fig. 280.
N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas. native to Europe and eastwards to the Altai.
Flowering time: Dec. — Feb.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
P. sativa subsp. sativa is widely cultivated for its edible roots and occasionally escaped and has become naturalised.
Not yet available