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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Bignoniaceae
Pandorea pandorana

Citation: Steems, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. sér. 3, 10:198 (1928).

Synonymy: Bignonia pandorana Andrews, Bot. Rep. 2:t. 86 (1800); Tecoma pandorana (Andrews)Skeels, U.S. Dept Agr. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 282:62 (1913); T. australis R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 471 (1810), nom. illegit.; P. australis (R. Br.)Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. Phan. 9:136 (1840), nom. illegit.; T. oxleyi Cunn. ex A. DC., Prod. 9:225 (1845); T. doratoxylon J. Black, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 51:383 (1927);P. doratoxylon (J. Black)J. Black, Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 61:248 (1937).

Common name: Spearwood, spearwood bush, wonga vine (wetter eastern Australia).

Glabrous shrub 2-6 m high, with many ascending wiry stems and other branches twining around 'them, or (outside arid regions incl. S. Aust.) a liane up to 30 m long; leaflets in 2-5 pairs, narrow-lanceolate, 0.8-5 x 0.2-1 cm, broader and sometimes longer outside arid Australia, entire,

Thyrses several to many-flowered, pendent, sometimes reduced to racemes; pedicel 2-4 mm long; calyx cup-shaped, 2.5-4 mm long, glabrous, more or less entire or with 5 shallow, unequally separated, obtuse lobes; corolla 1.5-2.5 cm long along the upper side, cream with red-brown markings inside the broad open tube, the mouth and tube hirsute inside, the lobes much shorter than the tube, obtuse, puberulent on the inner side.

Capsule oblong-ellipsoid, somewhat compressed, attenuated at the apex into a slender beak and at the base into a slender stipe, overall c. 2.5-7 x 1.5-2 cm, with thick woody valves; seeds many, 7-10 or more mm broad including the wing.

Published illustration: Jones & Gray (1977) Australian climbing plants, fig. 181.

Distribution:  Flowers: Aug., Sept. Fig. 601.

S.Aust.: NW, SL.   All States; Lord Howe Island; New Caledonia; east Malesia to Bougainville.

Conservation status: native

Flowering time: No flowering time is available

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Uses: The long wiry branches are used by central Australian aborigines as spear shafts; the branch is straightened over a fire.

Taxonomic notes: A very variable species under this circumscription which follows van Steenis (1977). In Australia there is wide variation in leaflet number, size and shape, habit and ecology, which has led to past recognition of a number of species; all taxa intergrade according to van Steenis. J. Black (1957) Fl.S. Aust. 774, himself cast doubt on his species. The above description covers arid Australian material except where otherwise stated.

Author: Not yet available

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