L., Sp. Pl. 8 (1753) subsp. europaea.
Synonymy: Not Applicable
Common name: Olive.
Evergreen tree usually 5-10 rarely 15 m high, much-branched; leaves more or less elliptic, 3-7 cm long, 0.8-2 cm broad, entire, grey-green, densely silvery-scaly beneath.
Inflorescence axillary, distichous-subpaniculate, often functionally unisexual, calyx small, campanulate, with 4 shallow subtriangular lobes; corolla sympetalous, cream-coloured, tube 1-2 mm long, with 4 strongly valvate lobes, c. 3 mm long, more or less reflexed at anthesis; stamens 2, attached near the top of the corolla tube, exserted on filaments c. 1 mm long; ovary rounded, c. 1 mm long, ovules basal, style terminal, with a more or less bilobed stigma.
Fruit a fleshy ellipsoid drupe, purple-black and glaucous when ripe, 1-3 cm long.
Costermans (1981) Native trees and shrubs of south-eastern Australia, p. 263.
Native of the Mediterraenan region and south-west Asia.
Flowering time: No flowering time is available
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
Subspecies europaea is believed to be an ancient cultigen but wild subspecies occur in Asia, Africa, Madeira and the Canary Islands.
Introduced and planted for its oil-producing fruits.
Not yet available