Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
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Electronic Flora of South Australia genus Fact Sheet

Family: Violaceae

Citation: Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. 2, 17 (1760).

Derivation: Greek hybos, hump; anthos, flower; referring to the spurred or pouched anterior petal.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

Capsule glabrous, opening in 3 rigid boat-shaped valves; seeds ovate to globose.

Flowers solitary or racemose; pedicels 2-bracteolate at the base; anterior petal with a broad lamina, base spurred; remaining petals smaller; stamens free; anthers with terminal appendages; style clavate, curved at the apex.

Distribution:  150 species in North and South America, Africa, Asia, Malaysia and Australia; 11 species in Australia, 10 endemic. (E. M. Bennett (1972) Nuytsia 1:218-241.)

Biology: No text

Key to Species:
1. Flowers solitary; anterior petal orange to yellow
H. aurantiacus 1.
1. Flowers in axillary racemes or richasia, occasionally solitary; anterior petal blue to mauve or sometimes whitish
2. Sepals pale-blue to white or dark-blue to green; anterior petal 4-11 mm long, pale-blue to white
H. floribundus 2.
2. Sepals green: anterior petal 5-20 mm long, blue to mauve
H. monopetalus 3.

Author: Not yet available

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