Miller, Gard. Dict. edn 8 (Foeniculum n. 1) (1768).
Synonymy: F. officinale All., Fl. Ped. 2:25 (1785).
Common name: Fennel.
Erect glabrous aromatic biennial or short-lived perennial, 1-2.5 m high; stem stout, striate, glaucous; leaves 3 or 4 times pinnatisect; ultimate segments filiform, 5-50 mm long, acuminate with a cartilaginous apex, spreading in space; petioles hollow, with a sheathing base; blade of basal leaves more or less triangular in outline, to 50 cm long; uppermost leaves reduced to the long broad striate sheath with 2 rounded auricles at its apex.
Compound umbels large, 7-15 cm diam., terminal and leaf-opposed; rays 4-30; umbellules many-flowered; flowers c. 2 mm diam.; petals yellow, strongly involute.
Fruit ovoid-oblong, 4-10.5 mm long.
Ross-Craig (1959) Drawings Brit. Pl. 13:t. 2; Burbidge & Gray (1970) Flora of the A.C.T., fig. 281; Cunningham et al. (1982) Plants of western New South Wales, p. 542.
A garden weed, on roadsides, waste places and along irrigation channels.
S.Aust.: NU, FR, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, KI, SE. W.Aust.; Qld; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas. Native in southern Europe, mainly maritime.
Flowering time: Sept. — Dec.
SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia
Cultivated in several varieties for use, e.g., as vegetable (var. azoricum (Miller)Thell.), as medicinal plant (var. vulgate), or for flavouring (var. dulce (Miller)Thell.) where fruits and leaves are used.
Not yet available