Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Boraginaceae
Echium simplex

Citation: DC., Cat. Pl. Hort. Bot. Monsp. 108 (1813).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: None

Perennials or biennials to 1.5 m high, usually with one erect stem, most of which is a terminal inflorescence, with a dense basal rosette around a woody base, densely covered with silvery hairs appressed on the leaves and spreading on the stems; leaves densely clustered, subpetiolate to oblanceolate-spathulate at the base in the basal rosette becoming scattered, sessile and lanceolate with a broad base on the erect stem, 6-30 x 1.5-6 cm, densely covered with fine appressed hairs on both surfaces.

Inflorescence almost cylindrical with numerous monochasia each at least once dichotomously branched with sessile flowers arranged in 2 rows; sepals connate to about half their length, linear to lanceolate, 3-5 mm long and scarcely increasing in fruit, with short spreading hairs; corolla narrowly funnel-shaped, almost regular, cream or white, 9-11 mm long, shortly hairy outside, glabrous inside except for some around a ring of nectary scales at the level of the ovary; lobes broadly oblong, 4-5 mm long, rounded; stamens with filaments fused to the corolla tube to about the height of the apex of the calyx, with free filaments about twice as long; anthers narrowly ellipsoid, c. 1 mm long, without an appendage; ovary 4-lobed, with a style inserted at about the middle, 20-25 mm long, with scattered hairs and terminating in a 2-fid stigma.

Mericarps with a short ridged beak parallel with the style and bulging shoulders on either side, scarcely rugose and with pointed tubercles, blackish-brown.

image of FSA3_Echium_sim.jpg Habit, flower and mericarp in two views.
Image source: fig. 535C in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Published illustration: D. & Z. Brainwell (1974) Wildflowers of the Canary Islands, fig. 228.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: EP, SE.   native to the Canary Islands.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: Dec.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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