Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools

Electronic Flora of South Australia genus Fact Sheet

Family: Goodeniaceae

Citation: R. Br., Prod. Fl. Nov. Holl. 587 (1810).

Derivation: After William Dampier, 1652-1715, English buccaneer and explorer, who collected botanical specimens on the north-west coast of Australia in 1699 as commander of H.M.S. Roebuck.

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: Dampieras.

Undershrubs with a tomentum of branched non-glandular hairs; leaves cauline, sessile, entire or dentate, flat or with revolute margins.

Inflorescence a terminal leafy thyrse; flowers mostly in small shortly pedunculate cymes, pedicellate, strongly zygomorphic; sepals 5, very small; corolla 2-lipped, shortly tubular with a persistent base, deeply split posteriorly, tomentose outside, glabrous inside, blue to violet or pink, rarely white; lobes broadly winged, unequal, the 2 posterior erect, almost free from the anterior 3, with prominent auricles which clasp the indusium; stamens epigynous; anthers cohering in a tube around the style; style simple, straight, shorter than the corolla, glabrous; indusium 2-lipped, usually glabrous; stigma with 2 prominent obtuse lobes; ovary l-celled, with a solitary erect basal ovule.

Fruit dry, indehiscent, often hardly larger than the ovary; seed solitary, endospermic.

Distribution:  About 60 species endemic to Australia, mostly in W.Aust.

Biology: No text

Key to Species:
1. Leaves crowded, mostly in fascicles, with lower surfaces more or less concealed by the revolute margins
D. rosmarinifolia 5.
1. Leaves remote or rarely a few together at the nodes, with exposed lower surfaces
2. Leaves glabrous on both surfaces
D. leptoclada 3.
2. Leaves tomentose below, glabrous or glabrescent above
3. Stems finely brown-tomentose; peduncles usually solitary, each bearing 1-3 flowers
D. marifolia 4.
3. Stems glabrescent or rarely remaining grey-or whitish-tomentose; peduncles 1-3 in each axil, each bearing 3-9 flowers
4. Bracts 5-7 mm long; corolla with appressed black and longer brownish hairs outside
D. dysantha 1.
4. Bracts 2-4 mm long; corolla with spreading grey plumose, dendritic or woolly hairs outside
D. lanceolata 2.

Author: Prepared by D. A. Cooke, M. T. M. Rajput & R. C. Carolin

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water