Electronic Flora of South Australia
Electronic Flora of South Australia
Census of SA Plants, Algae & Fungi
Identification tools
NOTE:  EfloraSA may be unavailable due to system maintenance on November 26 2019 18:00 ACDT for approximately 3 hours
  We apologise for any inconvenience

Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Gramineae
Chloris gayana

Citation: Kunth, Rev. Gram. 293 (1830).

Synonymy: Not Applicable

Common name: Rhodes grass.

Erect largely glabrous perennial, often stoloniferous, 45-120 cm high; leaf blades flat, to 6 mm broad; culms simple or branched.

Spikes subdigitate, 8-17, suberect, 7-10 cm long; spikelets crowded; glumes membranous or hyaline, the first c. 1 mm long, the second 2.5-3.3 mm long; usually the lowest floret bisexual, the second male and 1 or 2 sterile; lemmas cartilaginous, the first (fertile) obscurely lobed, c. 3 mm long, pubescent on the submarginal nerves in the lower part and ciliate above with stiff white hairs to 1 mm long, awn c. 3 mm long, second lemma awned, obtuse or truncate, upper lemmas awnless, obtuse or truncate.

Published illustration: Cunningham et al. (1982) Plants of western New South Wales, p. 74.

Distribution:  S.Aust.: LE, NU, GT, FR, EA, EP, NL, MU, YP, SL, SE.   All mainland States.   Native to Africa.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: March — July.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Uses: Introduced as a pasture grass and believed by Black to be of value in sand-binding.

Author: Not yet available

Disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer Copyright Email Contact:
State Herbarium of South Australia
Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Government of South Australia Department for Environment and Water