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Electronic Flora of South Australia
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Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet

Family: Boraginaceae
Amsinckia calycina

Citation: Chater, J. Linn. Soc.(Bot.) 64:380 (1971 ).

Synonymy: Lithospermum hispidum Ruiz Lopez & Pavón, Fl. Peruv.& Chil. 2:5 (1799), non Forsskål (1775); Amsinckia angustifolia Lehm., Delect. Sem. Hort. Hamburg. 1835:3 (1833); Amsinckia hispida (Ruiz López & Pavón)I.M. Johnston, Contr. Gray Herb. 73:75 (1924), nom. superfl., Lithospermum calycinum Moris, Enum. Sem. Hort. Taut. 21 ( 1831 ). , Amsinckia lycopsoides

Common name: Hairy fiddle-neck.

Annual erect herbs rarely exceeding 50 cm high, moderately branched, with each branch ending in an inflorescence, with a distinct tap root, covered with spreading long coarse hairs with a broad base as well as short fine ones; leaves sessile, densely clustered at the base, linear-oblanceolate to linear-lanceolate, 2.5-10 x 0.2-2.5 cm, with cuneate base on the lower parts becoming subcordate below the inflorescence.

Inflorescence with one to few terminal monochasia with sessile flowers arranged in 2 rows; sepals scarcely connate basally, 3-5 mm long or to 7 mm long when fruiting; corolla narrowly tubular, usually pale-yellow, 5-8 mm long, glabrous outside and inside, without nectaries or protrusions, lobes oblong to almost square, 1-1.5 mm long, rounded; stamens with filaments connate to almost the whole corolla tube, with anthers sessile in the throat, narrowly elliptic, c. 1 mm long, without appendage; ovary 4-lobed, with style inserted at about the middle, c. 4 mm long, glabrous, terminating in a capitate stigma which is slightly bilobed.

mericarps ovoid, with a dorsal ridge covered with pointed tubercles, muricate to rugose with pointed tubercles on the sides, pale-brown.

image of FSA3_Amsinckia_cal.jpg Flowering branch, hair with multicellular base, opened flower, and mericarps in two views.
Image source: fig. 531A in Jessop J.P. & Toelken H.R. (Ed.) 1986. Flora of South Australia (4th edn).

Distribution:  S.Aust.: FR, EP, NL, MU, SL, KI, SE.   W.Aust.; N.T.; N.S.W.; Vic.; Tas.   native to South and southern North America, introduced to western and central Europe.

Conservation status: naturalised

Flowering time: Flowers; Sept. — Nov.

SA Distribution Map based
on current data relating to
specimens held in the
State Herbarium of South Australia

Biology: No text

Author: Not yet available

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